RCAP Database | Sustainable Communities and Transportation Planning

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Sustainable Communities and Transportation Planning

Support implementation of the Regional Climate Action Plan by including recommendations from the Plan into existing land use and policy decisions and related elements of the municipal and county Comprehensive Plans, as appropriate; and recognize the Plan as a basis for the development of new goals, objectives and policies through the appropriate local government Comprehensive Plans. Read More
Develop policies, strategies and standards that will serve as guidance for climate change related planning efforts. Municipal and County planning authorities are encouraged to develop policies to improve resilience to coastal and inland flooding, salt water intrusion, and other related impacts of climate change and sea level rise in their Comprehensive Plans, Sustainability Action Plans, Vision Plans, Stormwater Master Plans, Transit Development Plans, Long Range Transportation Plans, Adaptation Action Area Plans, Climate Change Plans and other green planning efforts. Read More
Incorporate “Adaption Action Area” definition (as provided for in Florida law) into municipal and/or county Comprehensive Plans, to provide a means to identify those areas deemed most vulnerable to sea level rise and other climate change impacts including but not limited to extreme high tides, heavy local rain events, and storm surge for the purpose of prioritized funding and adaptation planning. Read More
Develop criteria in collaboration with municipal and county planning authorities for the purpose of defining Adaptation Action Areas as well as other areas requiring adaptation improvements related to coastal flooding and sea level rise that may include, but not be limited to: Areas below, at, or near mean higher high water; Areas which have a hydrological connection to coastal waters; Areas designated as evacuation zones for storm surge; and/or Other areas impacted by climate related drainage/flood control issues. Read More
Conduct new or utilize existing vulnerability analyses and other technical tools as they are developed as a means for identifying Adaptation Action Areas as well as other areas requiring adaptation improvements related to coastal flooding and sea level rise, to provide guidance for adaptation planning efforts in areas especially at risk to sea level rise, tidal flooding and other related impacts of climate change. Read More
Develop policies, as provided for in Florida law and in collaboration with the appropriate municipal and county planning authorities, related to areas designated as Adaptation Action Areas or similarly vulnerable areas to improve resilience to coastal flooding, sea level rise and other climate related vulnerabilities and provide guidance for other adaptation planning efforts. Read More
Develop sea level rise scenario maps to be considered for inclusion in appropriate Comprehensive Plans and/or regional planning documents as determined by the appropriate local government to guide municipal and county government climate adaptation planning efforts and continue to update regional and local planning efforts as more data becomes available and scientific projections are refined. Read More
Identify locations within Adaptation Action Areas or similarly vulnerable areas where targeted infrastructure improvements, new infrastructure, or modified land use and/or development practices could reduce vulnerability and/or improve community resilience. Read More
Coordinate regionally across municipalities and county planning authorities on the development of projects and funding proposals to seek prioritized funding for identified infrastructure needs and specific adaptation improvements required within Adaptation Action Area or other related adaptation planning areas. Read More
Work with appropriate local, regional and state authorities to revise building codes and land development regulations to discourage new development or post-disaster redevelopment in vulnerable areas to reduce future risk and economic losses associated with sea level rise and flooding. In these areas, require vulnerability reduction measures for all new construction, redevelopment and infrastructure such as additional hardening, higher floor elevations or incorporation of natural infrastructure for increased resilience. Read More
Identify within Adaptation Action Areas, and similarly impacted areas, populations and communities most vulnerable, or of special concern, for the purpose of ensuring the proper consideration of individual needs and resources as part of local and regional planning activities. Read More
Develop new community flood maps reflective of a 100-year storm event under future sea level rise scenarios and use this information, in conjunction with similarly updated storm surge models for revising required elevations for new and redevelopment, and in the permitting/licensing of transportation projects, water management systems, and public infrastructure. Read More
Designate or otherwise recognize “Restoration Areas” to identify undeveloped areas that are vulnerable to climate change impacts for the purpose of environmental restoration, dune restoration, agriculture, conservation of natural resources or recreational open space, or as retention areas. Local governments and appropriate regional planning authorities should prioritize land acquisition in these areas. These areas could also be established or acquired through mitigation or transfer-of-development rights initiatives. Read More
Designate or otherwise recognize “Growth Areas” as areas outside of Adaptation Action Areas or other areas subject to adaptation planning efforts where growth is encouraged due to higher topographic elevation and the presence of existing infrastructure, such as transportation and water and sewer infrastructure. Growth Areas should be developed with Urban Design guidelines that address character of urban place and provide a high quality pedestrian experience through landscaping and the creation of public space. Read More
Modify or develop new design standards for transportation infrastructure located in identified vulnerable areas to include environmentally supportive road materials, bridge design, elevation, and stormwater management. Include different pitches combined with stormwater design to effectively remove water from the roadway; explore roadway materials that may be utilized in road construction that are more tolerant of extended periods of extreme temperatures. Read More
Develop policies to address new transportation infrastructure development in light of anticipated future climate impacts, such as consideration of future floodplain conditions and vulnerable areas which could require the rerouting of roads because of potential flooding and related damage. Read More
Analyze potential blighted sites and develop an approach for converting underutilized or unused properties and structures, including properties in financial distress, into community gardens or farmers’ markets. (i.e., Redfields to Greenfields) Read More
Identify means to effectively engage the multiple public and private sector entities with roles and responsibilities involving the provision and maintenance of transportation infrastructure and the delivery of transportation services in the region, in climate adaptation and mitigation initiatives. Document current and evolving coordination efforts among these entities. Read More
Focus transportation investments and service expansions on projects and strategies contributing to GHG emissions reductions and enhancing resilience to climate change. Read More
Require that new development and redevelopment in areas with existing and planned multimodal corridors that connect urban and other centers in the region be planned and designed to support walking, biking and transit use. Read More
Support effective planning and implementation of transit oriented developments (TODs), from both a local and regional scale, in coordination with effective planning and delivery of transit services, particularly transit stations, to maximize ridership. Recognize that planning for TOD requires consideration of transit and land use issues at the system, corridor and station levels, as well as evaluation of adequate infrastructure such as water and sewer mains. Develop policies to streamline approval processes involving TODs. Ensure equitable distribution of the benefits of TOD and premium type transit services Read More
Introduce a new activity-based regional travel demand forecast model to directly simulate individual trip making and mode choice behaviors. Simulations done using the model will allow for robust tests of the effectiveness of policy alternatives. Read More
Consider regional implementation of rapid transit zones to maintain land use control around a station with multiple jurisdictions. Modify local land use plans and ordinances to support compact development patterns, creating more walkable and affordable. Identity potential future land use map and other comprehensive plan changes at the local level. Also address the subject in regional level plans. Adopt form-based codes that have physical form, design of buildings and the public realm, and an emphasis on mixed and evolving land uses as organizing principles. Consider regional implementation of rapid transit zones or other such designations to maintain land use control around transit stations, including ones with multiple jurisdictions. Read More
Consider the adoption of green neighborhood certification programs, such as LEED ND (Neighborhood Development) to guide decision-making and development and to provide an incentive for better location, design, and construction of new residential, commercial, and mixed-use developments with the goal of increasing transportation choices while reducing household transportation costs. Incorporate sustainable building and neighborhood ratings or national model green building codes, including but not limited to those defined in , Florida Statutes, into municipal codes region-wide. Read More
Adopt or create a green rating system for roads to reduce emissions from construction, maintenance, and agency operations through practices such as using recycled materials, purchasing materials found or manufactured sustainably in the region, and requiring construction contractors to implement emissions reductions practices such as using alternative fueled vehicles and clean diesel practices. Read More
Improve movement and safety for non- motorized modes through the adoption and implementation of best practice models including Complete Streets. Develop policy, ordinances, guidelines, models and projects to accelerate implementation. Identify partners and resources to support training and the research into new techniques for transportation design and other professionals. Read More
Complete, expand and connect networks of bicycle and pedestrian facilities, including supporting access to transit. Prioritize implementation of planned bicycle and pedestrian networks. Improve overall coordination of local and regional agency planning and implementation efforts. Evaluate whether these facilities are connected regionally and on a local scale to major employment, education, and recreation centers. Implement a roadway design project checklist that includes measures of pedestrian, bicycle, and transit (e.g. bus bay) accommodation.v Work regionally to improve safety for pedestrians and bicyclists. Consider regional adoption of Transit, Pedestrian, and Biking programs that aim to improve access to transit. Develop policies to increase designated bike parking facilities at office and retail developments.Read More
Agencies across the region continue to implement strategies aimed at maximizing the efficiency of the existing transportation network. Many of these strategies also result in GHG emissions reductions. There is a need for a toolbox of successful strategies that can be duplicated across the region. Agencies should make an effort to collect information that will allow for evaluation of the effectiveness of a strategy in reducing GHG emissions. Information collected by implementing agencies should include emissions reductions, fuel reductions, VMT impacts, or other performance measures as appropriate. Information collected should also include steps for implementation, costs, and lessons learned. Among the strategies to consider are use of roundabouts, real time operation of the traffic signal system, traffic signal prioritization and queue jumps for transit, interstate ramp metering, and employment of a virtual freight network (freight network managed in real time using intelligent transportation systems). Read More
Increase transit ridership by providing premium transit service on targeted regional corridors. Examples of successful routes include the I-95 Express bus service and “The Flyer” route from Miami International Airport to Miami Beach. The goal of these routes is to bring people who might otherwise drive to work (known as “choice riders”) from residential areas to regional centers of employment. Agencies should review levels of service policies and service standards and modify as necessary to prioritize increasing services along corridors with dense land use. Improve quality of service by continuing to monitor and address safety and performance. Read More
Increase the amenities and infrastructure available to transit riders, such as shade, shelters, kiosks utilizing solar power when feasible, and route and real time boarding information. Read More
Provide seamless transitions to increase the use of low carbon modes for the movement of people and freight in the region. Improve connections among Tri-Rail and county transit service, municipal trolley and community shuttle bus services which may include re-alignment of routes. District circulators, such as the Metro Mover in downtown Miami which connects to Metro Rail provide the last leg of a commute for transit riders and should have high frequency and ease of transfer. Implement seamless regional transit fare and transfer media (traditional or virtual) across transit services in the region while improving walking and biking access to transit. Develop planning strategies to address planning for the “First and Last Mile” of transit trips, which act as barriers for commuters who could potentially take transit but whose starting point or final destination cannot be conveniently accessed from the nearest transit stop/station due to distance, terrain (street patterns), or real or perceived safety issues (traffic, crime). Partner to implement a Virtual Freight Network as part of the region’s comprehensive Intelligent Transportation System/ Transportation System Management and Operations Programs. Establish a software application to provide “load matching” for shippers and truckers to alleviate “deadheading” of empty trucks traveling back to destination. Incorporate climate adaptation strategies and GHG emissions inventories into Seaport and Airport Master Plans and Regional Freight Plans. Plans should address the critical last mile to and from major seaports and airports in part by providing comprehensive plan land use designations, policies, and standards that protect that function of roadway segments connecting seaports and airports (hubs) to corridors, such as interstates. Establish performance measures including VMT reduction and emissions reductions monitoring for freight projects such as ship to rail projects which remove drayage truck operations. Support clustering of distribution facilities to promote intermodal centers and economic development. Read More
Use and expand Transportation Demand Management (TDM) strategies, which reduce peak hour and single-occupant vehicle travel. Vanpool and Carpool Programs - Work with MPOs, South Florida Commuter Services and South Florida Vanpool to identify and pursue opportunities to more fully utilize and expand these programs. Car and Bike Sharing Programs - Work with companies providing these services and strategic partners (universities, municipalities, large employers, etc.) to establish zip car, bike sharing and personal vehicle sharing programs. Employee Benefits – Encourage sharing of information on and use of employee benefits that support use of walking, biking and transit modes for work commutes (e.g., pre-tax benefits and Emergency Ride Home program). Commute Trip Reduction Programs - Local governments should promote participation in programs such as the EPA Commuter Choice Program and explore the adoption of commute trip reduction ordinances. Read More
Coordinate initiatives with those of the seven- county Southeast Florida Prosperity Plan, known as Seven50, to maximize the opportunities presented as Seven50 is developed (e.g. sharing data and analysis; participating in alternative future scenario planning; engaging a myriad of public, private and civic partners) and actively engage in Seven50 implementation efforts, designed to address the following Livability Principles: Provide more transportation choices Promote equitable, affordable housing Enhance economic competitiveness Support existing communities Coordinate policies and leverage investment Value communities and neighborhoods Enhance community resiliency to the impacts of Climate Change Read More